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  • It forms when the tooth erupts to provide the osseous attachment to the forming periodontal ligament, it disappears gradually after the tooth is lost.
  • The alveolar process is the portion of maxilla and mandible that forms and support the tooth socket.


  • Near the end of the second month of fetal life the maxilla as well as the mandible forms a groove that is open towards the surface of oral cavity.
  • The tooth germs are contained in this groove, which also includes the alveolar nerves and vessels and gradually septa develops between the adjacent tooth gems.
  • An alveolar process develops only during the eruption of teeth. During the period of rapid growth chondroid bone is formed.

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