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Endodontics

Fundamentals of Cavity Preparation

DEFINITION OF TOOTH PREPARATION   Tooth preparation is defined as the mechanical alteration of a defective, injured, or diseased tooth to best receive a restorative material that will reestablish a healthy state for the tooth, including esthetic corrections where indicated, along with normal form and function.     (Sturdevant)   Tooth preparation …

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FINISHING & POLISHING MATERIALS

finishing & polishing materials

Finishing, polishing of dental restorations are important aspects of clinical restorative procedures that enhance both aesthetics and longetivity of restored teeth. Residual surface roughness, associated with improper finishing and polishing of dental restorations ,can result in number of clinical difficulties. The problems include excessive plaque accumulation ,gingival irritation, increased surface …

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Fillers in Dentistry

INTRODUCTION WHAT ARE FILLERS? PROPERTIES OF A FILLER FILLERS USED IN VARIOUS MATERIALS COMPOSITES CERAMICS AMALGAM DIRECT FILLING GOLD TEMPORARY CEMENTS INVESTMENT MATERIALS CASTING ALLOYS IMPRESSION MATERIALS ENDODONTICS REFERENCES CONCLUSION    PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION TO INCREASE FILLER LOADING, IT IS NECESSARY TO ADD FILLER IN A RANGE OF PARTICLE SIZES. …

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ENDOSONICS P

Introduction History Classifcation Differences between sonics and ultrasonics Endosonics         Classification         Principles of endosonics         Endosonic preparation         Endosonic mechanical energy         Endosonic chemical energy         Endosonic disinfection         Clinical procedure         Endosonics obturation   Sonics     Introduction      Different types of sonic instruments      Clinical procedure Comparative conclusion …

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Endodontic Microbiology

Endodontic Microbiology

Introduction History Gram +ve and Gram –ve organisms Aerobic and Anaerobic microorganisms Microflora of oral cavity Portals of root canal infection Bacterial pathogenicity Bacterial defence Host response Endodontic microflora Microorganisms cause virtually all pathoses of the pulp and the periradicular tissues. To effectively treat endodontic infections, clinicians must recognize the …

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ENDO SURGERY

Over the years Endodontic surgery has seen great advancements due to the advent of new technology.This field has progressed beyond Apicectomy (Root Resection,Root Amputation),to include periapical curettage,radiosectomy,replantation,implantation,trephination & incision for drainage. Root resection is the most common form of periapical surgery. The success rate of Endodontic surgery is high but …

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endo instruments

INTRODUCTION HISTORY CLASSIFICATION OF ENDODONTIC INSTRUMENTS EXAMINING INSTRUMENTS EXPLORING INSTRUMENTS DEBRIDING INSTRUMENTS CLEANING AND SHAPING INSTRUMENTS STANDARDISATION OF ENDODONTIC INSTRUMENT ISO GROUP I INSTRUMENTS ISO GROUP II  INSTRUMENTS ISO GROUP III INSTRUMENTS ISO GROUP IV INSTRUMENTS NON-ISO INSTRUMENTS NEW CONCEPT IN INSTRUMENT DESIGN CONCLUSION   “worksman is known by his …

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ELECTROLYTIC PROCESSES IN RESTORATIVE DENTISRTY

electolytic processes

INTRODUCTION HISTORY DEFINITIONS ELECTROFORMING ADVANTAGES MODE OF DEPOSITION FABRICATION OF INLAYS AND ONLAYS APPLICATION OF CERAMIC THE METAL CERAMIC BOND FLAWS IN ELECTRODEPOSITION The German scientist Jacobi laid the groundwork in 1837 for all subsequent industrial and dental electroforming. Electroforming techniques have been used in dentistry for more than 50 …

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E.Implants final

INTRODUCTION DEFINITIONS HISTORY MATERIALS INDICATIONS CONTRAINDICATIONS SUCCESS AND FAILURE TECHNIQUE REFERENCES CONCLUSION   Endodontic implants have the histological advantage of being totally intraosseous, without communication into the oral cavity. CRITERIA FOR SUCCESS: There must be no communication to the oral cavity, as demonstrated by probing. There must be no radiographic …

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Endodontic in Medically – Final

CONTENTS   INTRODUCTION     CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES     RESPIRATORY DISEASES     RENAL DISEASES     LIVER DISEASES     GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES     BLEEDING DISORDERS     ENDOCRINE AND METABOLIC DISEASES   NEUROLOGIC DISORDERS   AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS   CONCLUSION     REFERENCES   INTRODUCTION “ Medically compromised patients, …

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Endo – Ortho Relation

ENDODONTIC CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO ORTHODONTICS WORKING LENGTH DETERMINATION   Apical constriction destroyed    Resorption on buccal and lingual aspect RADIOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION   Reflect osseous changes ACCURACY OF PULP TESTING     Presence of full metallic bands   RISK OF RESORPTION    Risk of external apical resorption during   movement of any …

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Die Materials and Die Systems Part-1

Die Materials

Die Materials and Die Systems  In their study evaluated the comparative stability of two removable die systems. The systems evaluated were Pindex system (Whakedent Int) and Di-Lok system (Surgident Ltd.). The results indicated small inconsistent horizontal deviations and consistent vertical deviations for both       systems. The Pindex system …

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Diagnostic Aids in Endodontics

Diagnostic Aids

Diagnostic Aids Demographic information with respect to name, age, sex etc Chief complaint and history of present illness Medical and dental history Clinical examination Radiographic findings Other tests, laboratory values or consultations if required Provisional diagnosis / diagnosis Treatment plan Commercially available pulp testers      Digilog pulp tester      Parkell pulp …

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Developmental Anamolies

Developmental Anamolies

Developmental Anamolies Enamel hypoplasias, fluorosis Amelogenesis imperfecta, hypocalcified, hypomaturation, and hypoplastic types Enamel opacities Enamel caries Dentinogenesis imperfecta age changes in dental tissues Enamel hypoplasia resulting from congenital syphilis (Treponema pallidum)             a. Hutchinson’s incisors             b. Mulberry molars Enamel …

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DENTINE CARIES

Prerequisites physiological remineralization: Presence collagen fibers Living odontoblastic process External remineralization: Saliva , calcium and phosphate Exposure bio-active agents   Dentists have an urge to replace restorations Perceived (but erroneous) requirement to ‘freshen up’ the cavity walls and margins. The teeth inevitably become weaker, thereby reducing their prognosis. The complexity …

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