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Endodontics

Inta & Extra coronal restoration resistance form

  Introduction. building restoration is similar to building any mechanical structure, in that the stress pattern of the available foundation and contemplated sytucture must be predetermined. The fundamental concept form of resistance form is based on reaction with the restoration and remaining tooth structure to the occlusal loading.   Def. …

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Inovations in Endodontics & operative

Introduction. building restoration is similar to building any mechanical structure, in that the stress pattern of the available foundation and contemplated sytucture must be predetermined. The fundamental concept form of resistance form is based on reaction with the restoration and remaining tooth structure to the occlusal loading.   Anterior component …

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INFECTION CONTROL

INTRODUCTION HISTORY TRANSMISSION OF INFECTION IN DENTAL OPERATORY IMPACT OF HEPATITIS B & HIV SUMMARY OF CURRENT OSHA REGULATION OBJECTIVES OF INFECTION CONTROL PATIENT SCREENING PERSONAL BARRIER PROTECTION EMERGENCY & EXPOSURE INCIDENT PLAN DISINFECTION: Destruction of pathogenic and other kinds of microorganisms by physical or chemical means. Disinfection is less …

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Immunity and Infection Control

Introduction Immunity Antigen Antibody Complement system Antigen – Antibody Reactions Hypersensitivity Autoimmunity Immunodeficiency Micro-organisms of relevance in dentistry Nosocomial Infection Cross infection Infection control Hospital waste disposal Conclusion List of references   AUTOIMMUNITY :   A condition in which a structural or functional damage  is produced by the action of …

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Growth of Maxilla & Sinus

INTRODUCTION DEFINITIONS FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH GROWTH:CONCEPTS,METHODS OF GATHERING   DATA AND STUDYING GROWTH BONE DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH THEORIES OF GROWTH PRENATAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF MAXILLA POST NATAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF MAXILLA DEVELOPMENT OF THE PALATE Todd:Development is progress towards maturity. Moyers: Development refers to all the naturally occuring unidirectional …

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Gingival Finish Lines

Objectives to Tooth Preparation Reduction of the tooth in miniature  to provide retention and support. Preservation of healthy  tooth structure to secure resistance form. provision for  acceptable finish  lines. Performing pragmatic axial tooth reduction to encourage favorable tissue response from  artificial crown, contours. There are 3 requirements for successful restoration …

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ENDOSONICS AND SONICS

Introduction History Classifcation Differences between sonics and ultrasonics Endosonics         Classification         Principles of endosonics         Endosonic preparation         Endosonic mechanical energy         Endosonic chemical energy         Endosonic disinfection         Clinical procedure         Endosonics obturation   Sonics     Introduction      Different types of sonic instruments      Clinical procedure Comparative conclusion …

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Endo Perio

INTRODUCTION DEFINITION CLASSIFICATION ETIOLOGY CONTROVERSIES REGARDING THE COMBINED LESION PATHWAYS OF SPREAD COMPARISION OF CLINICAL PRESENTATION B/W APICAL & MARGINAL PERIODONTITIS DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS EFFECT OF PULP & ITS TREATMENT ON PERIODONTIUM EFFECT OF PERIO. DISEASE & TREATMENT ON PULP LESIONS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT REFERENCES CONCLUSION necrotic pulp and apical granulomatous tissue …

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Endo Perio

INTRODUCTION DEFINITION CLASSIFICATION ETIOLOGY CONTROVERSIES REGARDING THE COMBINED LESION PATHWAYS OF SPREAD COMPARISION OF CLINICAL PRESENTATION B/W APICAL & MARGINAL PERIODONTITIS DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS EFFECT OF PULP & ITS TREATMENT ON PERIODONTIUM EFFECT OF PERIO. DISEASE & TREATMENT ON PULP LESIONS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT REFERENCES CONCLUSION necrotic pulp and apical granulomatous tissue …

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Endo Perio

GROUP 1- LESIONS REQUIRING ENDODONTIC TREATMENT ONLY Necrotic pulp and apical granulomatous tissue replacing periodontium with or without sinus tract Chronic peri apical abscess with sinus tract Longitudinal and horizontal root fractures Pathologic and iatrogenic root perforations Teeth with incomplete apical root development Endodontic implants Teeth that require hemi section …

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Endo instruments

INTRODUCTION HISTORY CLASSIFICATION OF ENDODONTIC INSTRUMENTS EXAMINING INSTRUMENTS EXPLORING INSTRUMENTS DEBRIDING INSTRUMENTS CLEANING AND SHAPING INSTRUMENTS STANDARDISATION OF ENDODONTIC INSTRUMENT ISO GROUP I INSTRUMENTS ISO GROUP II  INSTRUMENTS ISO GROUP III INSTRUMENTS ISO GROUP IV INSTRUMENTS NON-ISO INSTRUMENTS NEW CONCEPT IN INSTRUMENT DESIGN CONCLUSION   “worksman is known by his …

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Endo – Perio

INTRODUCTION DEFINITION CLASSIFICATION ETIOLOGY CONTROVERSIES REGARDING THE COMBINED LESION PATHWAYS OF SPREAD COMPARISION OF CLINICAL PRESENTATION B/W APICAL & MARGINAL PERIODONTITIS DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS EFFECT OF PULP & ITS TREATMENT ON PERIODONTIUM EFFECT OF PERIO. DISEASE & TREATMENT ON PULP PERIODONTAL EVALUATION LESIONS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT REFERENCES CONCLUSION   Occlusal trauma causing …

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Endonic perio

necrotic pulp and apical granulomatous tissue replacing periodontium with or without sinous tract Chronic periapical abscess with sinus tract Longitudinal and horizontal root fractures Pathologic and iatrogenic root perforations Teeth with incomplete apical root development Endodontic implants Teeth that require hemisection Root submergence   Occlusal trauma causing reversible pulpitis Occlusal …

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ELECTROLYTIC PROCESSES IN RESTORATIVE DENTISRTY

INTRODUCTION HISTORY DEFINITIONS ELECTROFORMING ADVANTAGES MODE OF DEPOSITION FABRICATION OF INLAYS AND ONLAYS APPLICATION OF CERAMIC THE METAL CERAMIC BOND FLAWS IN ELECTRODEPOSITION   The German scientist Jacobi laid the groundwork in 1837 for all subsequent industrial and dental electroforming. Electroforming techniques have been used in dentistry for more than …

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Direct filling

Introduction History Classification Physical properties Indications Contraindications Types of gold used in dentistry Annealing and degassing Condensation and compaction Compaction technique Biocompatibility of gold Uses of liners and bases Cavity preparations and designs Advantages and disadvantages References Conclusion   “HISTORY OF GOLD” First evidence of use of gold filling – …

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Digestive

CHEMICAL DIGESTION Macromolecules to monomers Polysaccharides to monosaccharides Proteins to amino acids Fats to glycerol and fatty acids Nucleic acids to nucleotides Done by digestive enzymes produced by: Salivary glands, stomach, pancreas, small intestine Absorbed – no digestion – vitamins, free amino acids, minerals, cholesterol, water   Esophagus Straight muscular …

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Development of Tongue and Its Salivary Glands

INTRODUCTION DEFINITION OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT OF TONGUE ANOMALIES OF TONGUE DEVELOPMENT OF SALIVARY GLANDS ANOMALIES OF SALIVARY GLANDS PROSTHODONTIC CONSIDERATATIONS SUMMARY REFERENCES   Tongue is a muscular organ in the floor of the mouth associated with a function of taste, speech, mastication and deglutition. The tongue also influence …

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