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Oral Medicine

Yellowish Conditions of oral cavity

Fordyce’s granules Fibrin clot Superficial abscess Superficial nodules of tonsillar tissue Yellow hairy tongue Acute lymphnodular pharyngitis Lipoma Lymphoepithelial cyst Epidermoid and dermoid cyst Pyostomatitis vegetans Jaundice or icterus Lipoid proteinosis Carotenemia In 1896, Fordyce described whitish spots on the vermilion border of the lips, oral mucosa and, rarely, genital …

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X-ray film

. The usual image receptor used in dentistry  is radiographic film.  There are two basic types: Direct –action or non screen film(also referred to as wrapped or packet film):This type of film is sensitive  primarily to x-ray photon Indirect-action or screen film, so called because it is used in combination …

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XERODERMA PIGMENTOSUM

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) was first described in 1874 by Hebra and Kaposi. In 1882, Kaposi coined the term xeroderma pigmentosum for the condition, referring to its characteristic dry, pigmented skin. XP is a rare disorder transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner. It is characterized by photosensitivity, pigmentary changes, premature skin …

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Bells Palsy

First described by SHWARTZ  in 1952 Defined by PINDBORG et al. as: “An insidious chronic disease  affecting any part of the oral cavity & sometimes the pharynx , although occasionally preceded by or associated with vesicle formation, it is always associated with juxtaepithelial inflammatory reaction  followed by  a fibroelastic change …

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USG

Introduction Characteristics of sounds Display modes Recent advances in display modes Indications of usg in maxillofacial region Advantages Disadvantages Recent advances   Sound is  result of mechanical energy transmitted through the medium as a pressure wave In resting state, pressure is uniform through out medium Physical displacement of materials cause …

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unicystic ameloblastoma

Unicystic Ameloblastoma is a variant of ameloblastoma first described by Robinson and Martinez in 1977. Unicystic variant of ameloblastoma is believed to be less aggressive, tends to occur in younger age, and its response to enucleation or curettage is more favorable than the classic solid or multicystic ameloblastoma. High percentage …

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UMH – Copy.ppt2

Haematological  investigations Panoramic Radiography Ultrasound Electromyography Computed Tomogram   Coffey first described unilateral hypertrophy of masseter muscle in 1942. Benign masseter muscle hypertrophy is an uncommon clinical phenomenon of uncertain aetiology. It occurs between 10- 30 years of age and male to female ratio is 1:1.  

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TOP 200 DRUGS

CEPHELEXIN:(cephalosporin 1ST generation)     TRADE NAMES:             CEPHACILIN             ALCEPHIN              KEFLEX              CEFLEX INDICATIONS:       Typhoid fever.       Urinary tract infections.       Otitis media       Respiratory tract infections.       Dental infections.       Hospital acquired infections.   Amitriptyline: (Anti-Depressant) TRADE NAMES:       AMITONE       AMITRIP        MAXITRIP        TRIPTRIC INDICATIONS: …

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TONGUE [Recovered]

INTRODUCTION: Tongue is a muscular organ situated in floor of the mouth. it is associated with functions of taste, speech, swallowing, and deglutition. DEVELOPMENT OF TONGUE:    Tongue develops in relation to the pharyngeal arches in the floor of the developing mouth in the 4th week of intra uterine life. …

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tmd

Most published studies investigating TMD’s are not based      on sound evidence-based research methodology. Emotional stress an important contributing factor is difficult       to control or eliminate. Cause & effect relationship between Occlusion & TMD’s is       complex one. Molecular & cellular research of joint & muscle pain will give     birth …

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Thesis-TENS

TMD is one of the most common chronic orofacial pain conditions confronting dentists and other health care providers.  The American Academy of Orofacial Pain in 1996 defined TMD as “a collective term embracing a number of clinical problems that involve the masticatory musculature, the TMJ and associated structures or both”. …

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Systemic manifestations of jaw bones

1.HEREDITARY AND CONGENITAL DISEASES: Osteogenesis imperfecta Infantile cortical hyperostosis/ caffey disease Cleidocranial dysplasia Craniofacial dysostosis / crouzon syndrome Mandibulofacial dysostosis Pierre-Robin syndromeMarfan’s syndrome Down’s syndrome Osteopetrosis Achondroplasis Generalised cortical hyperostosis Massive osteolysis   MEDULLARY BONE ORIGIN Active juvenile ossifying fibroma Cherubism Fibrous dysplasia Giant cell tumour Aneurismal bone cyst Hyper …

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syndromes affecting the palate

Syndrome Greek  -“run together” Many syndromes are named after the physicians credited with first reporting the association; these are “eponymous” syndromes A group of signs and symptoms that vary in degree of expression but ultimately converge in same phenotypic findings. A group of signs and symptoms that occur together & …

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sudarshan 1

    Natural history of untreated HIV infection can be divided into stages: Initial viral transmission Acute retroviral syndrome within the first 2-3 weeks Recovery and seroconversion within first six weeks Asymptomatic chronic HIV infection persists over 7-9 years Symptomatic HIV infection- ARC AIDS – 1-2 years before death.   Oral …

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STAPHYLOCOCCUS PGs

Characteristics of staph. aureus :- Coagulase positive Mannitol fermentation b – hemolysis on B.A. Golden yellow pigment Liquefy gelatin Produce phosphatase Tellurite reduction.   Lysins   Impairment of membrane   Permeability Epidermolytic toxin  Cause blistering of skin T S S toxin  Super antigen effects Enterotoxins   Induce vomiting & diarrhoea …

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specific bacterial infections

Tb Diphtheria Leprosy Syphilis Gonorrhea Noma Tetanus Scarlet Fever Cat Scratch Disease Actinomycosis Botryomycosis Melioidosis Granuloma Inguinale Rhinoscleroma Pyogenic Granuloma Tularemia Pyostomatitis Vegetans   well know phrase The more the things change, the more they remain same This applies to tb which is a wide spread infectious disease seen from …

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sonia behal

Clinical features: Age: Young persons, less than 30 years Gender: Slight female predilection Site: Long bones, mandible > maxilla Symptoms and Signs: Fairly rapid bony swelling Occasional pain Tenderness on palpation Excessive bleeding upon entering the lesion, blood “welling up” from the tissue: blood soaked sponge Hemorrhagic aspirate Radiographic features: …

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soft tissue calcifications and ossifications

Dystrophic calcification General dystrophic calcification of the oral region Calcified lymphnodes Dystrophic calcification in the tonsils Cysticercosis Arterial calcification –Arteriosclerosis                                           Calcified atherosclerotic plaque Idiopathic calcification: Sailolith Phlebolith Laryngeal cartilage calcification Rhinolith /anthrolith     Dystrophic calcification occurs in lymphnodes that have been chronically inflamed because of various diseases. Tuberculosis(scrofula …

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smita kamatane

Clinico-radiographic Diagnosis Malignancy of Bone Differential Diagnosis Salivary Gland Neoplasia Sarcoma Lymphoma Intramuscular Hemangioma   Hemangiosarcomas Starts in the blood vessels of any soft tissues such as the heart, liver, lungs, skin. goes undetected Lymphangiosarcomas Devastating as it is virtually undetectable attacks the immune system spreads rapidly

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sialochem final

Salivary diagnostics is a dynamic and emerging field utilizing nanotechnology and molecular diagnostics to aid in the diagnosis of oral and systemic diseases Saliva is a clinically informative, biological fluid  that is useful for novel approaches to prognosis, laboratory or clinical diagnosis,  monitoring of patients with both oral and systemic …

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shilpa dua

CT- Interpretation: Non calcific  polypoidal non enhancing soft tissue density with patchy peripheral hyperdense areas noted in the right maxillary sinus cavity extending in to the right nasal cavity via widened anterior OMU suggestive of right antrochonal polyp with mucocele. There is buldging and thinning of anterolateral maxillary wall, lateral …

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