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Oral Medicine

A new approach to Dental research & Treatment in Future

Desired genes of antibody with genes of polypeptide Antibodies are tagged with polypeptide Polypeptide directs antibody into organelles and gets stored          Compartmentalizing    (this makes purification easier) Protection from proteases         Targeting     aro RX TM injected in tobacco is 0.5mg/gm fresh wt Future plans call for Caro RX TM …

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13

Aggressive periodontitis refers to periodontal disease with an  aggressive and rapid natures that occurs in patient’s under 30 years of age.   The term aggressive periodontitis replaces the formerly used term early on set periodontitis which include 3 classification: Localized Juvenile periodontitis. Generalized Juvenile periodontitis. Rapidly progressive periodontitis   The …

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12. Sialogogues & Anti sailogogues

  Iatrogenic causes  Drugs: Anti-cholinergics (Atropine, Hyoscine) Anti-depressants (TCA’s, SSRI, Lithium) Anti-hypertensives Anti-histamines Anti-emetics Phenothiazines Proton pump inhibitors Cytotoxic drugs Opioids BZDs Diuretics Decongestants     Preventive therapy: –    Use of  topical fluorides – to control dental caries Maintenance of optimal oral hygiene, Regular dental visits, noncariogenic diet For pts …

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10. Taste Disorders

Definition and Introduction Taste area and anatomy Taste buds and receptors cells Physiology of taste Central taste pathway Taste transduction Salivary taste interaction Factors influencing taste sensation Disorders of Gustation Causes of gustatory dysfunction Treatment gustatory dysfunction   Disorders Of Gustation: Gustatory sensation is remarkably resilient to damage and to …

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10 DENTAL CONSIDERATIONS IN PREGNANT PATIENTS

  MAGNETIC  RESONANCE  IMAGING (MRI) is used to diagnose melanoma in soft tissue. Atypical intensity is correlated with the amount of intracytoplasmic melanin. On T1-weighted images, such melanomas are hypointense On T2-weighted images, such melanomas are hyperintense and show increased melanin production.     SENTINEL-NODE   BIOPSY / LYMPHOSCINTIGRAPHY, which is beneficial …

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10 . gingival enlargement

INTRODUCTION CLASSIFICATION INFLAMMATORY GINGIVAL ENLARGEMENT DRUG INDUCED GINIVAL ENLARGEMENT ENLARGEMENT RELATED TO SYSTEMIC CONDITIONS NEOPLASTIC GINGIVAL  ENLARGEMENTS FALSE ENLARGEMENTS REFFERENCES   Localized: Limited to the gingiva adjacent to a single                        tooth or group of teeth Generalized: Involving the gingiva throughout the mouth Marginal: Confined to the marginal gingiva Papillary: …

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9. Cytodiagnosis in Oral diseases

Cytology is the study of the structure of all normal and abnormal components of cells and the changes, movements, and transformations of such components. It includes cytogenetic, cytochemistry, and microscopic anatomy, which involve investigations employing various microscopes, such as lightphase, interference, and electron microscopes. Cells are studied directly in the …

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9 -xerostomia

The physiologically saliva secretion is mediated through ANS;  (particularly parasympathetic nervous system).   – Muscarinic receptors are regulated by parasympathetic nervous system   – Adrenergic receptors are regulated by sympathetic nervous system. Parasympathetic fibres come from salivary nucleus present at junction of the medulla and pons near the tractus solitarius …

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4.Mixed Radiolucent and Radiopaque Lesions

Calcifying crown of developing tooth Tooth root with rarefying osteitis Rarefying & Condensing osteitis Chronic Osteomyelitis PCOD Cementoossifying fibroma Cementoblastoma Odontoma Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst Ameloblastic fibroodontoma Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumor   Rarefying and Condensing Osteitis Frequently occurs at apex of a nonvital tooth / retained root. Chronic …

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2nd arch

Unable to smile, frown, raise their eyebrows, close their eyelids or pucker their lips. Drooling and difficulty with speech. Infants can have difficulty with sucking and swallowing. Unilateral or bilateral abducens paralysis Deformities of extremities Aplasia of brachial and thoracic muscles Recessive Cranio Metaphyseal Dysplasia Unilateral facial paralysis Autosomal recessive …

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2 Dark Room Processing

Introduction          –  X-ray film composition          –  Latent image formation on the film . Dark Room           – Evolution           – Dark room requirements           – Processing equipments Film processing steps . Film processing  solutions . Different methods  of  processing Processing problems and solutions Reference   Common earlier darkroom was …

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