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Oral Medicine

shekar kapoor

First reported by Demarquay et al in 1845. Van Der Woude (1954),  found  autosomal dominant mode of inheritance Janku et al. (1980) traced  syndrome through 7 generations. Lip pits, were present in 88% of the affected and were the only manifestation in 64%. Clefts of lip and palate occurred in …

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salivary gland imaging

Asymptomatic bilateral enlargements of parotid area :        Benign lymphoepithelial lesion        SJorgen’s syndrome        Alcoholism        Medication        Warthins tumour Painful bilateral enlargement:         Secondary to radiation treatment         Secondary to bacterial or viral sialadenitis Diffuse facial swelling in the parotid region not related to abnormalities of gland:       …

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ROPG

Advantages Clear and less distorted view Simplicity Easy quality control Trismus snd uncooperative patient Limitations Patient positioning Exposure to eye   To view the lateral aspect of the condyle Patient positioning is critical Speed is reduced Image layer is slightly closer to the centre of rotation Restricted mouth opening

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rohit nellore

Giddon DB. Why Dentists should be called Oral Physicians now. J Dent Educ. 2006 ;70(2): 111-114. Nash DA. Why Dentists Should Become Oral Physicians: A Response to Dr. Donald Giddon’s “Why Dentists Should Be Called Oral Physicians Now” . J Dent Educ. 2006 ;70(6): 607-609 Tanaka K, Honda T, Kitamura …

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Robinow’s Syndrome_New

Van der Woude’s Syndrome Frasers Syndrome Meckle’s Syndrome Orofacial Digital Syndrome Pierre Robin Anamalad Patau Syndrome   Robinow’s Syndrome is a rare congenital genetic disorder with many orofacial and dental abnormailities. The Oral Physicain plays an important role in multidiscplinary approach to the management of these patients.

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ridhi

The salivary glands are exocrine glands whose secretions flow into oral cavity. Pts. with salivary gland disease  most frequently present c/o oral dryness, swelling or mass in a gland. 2 types of salivary glands         major-parotid, submandibular, sublingual         minor-these are located in mucosa and sub mucosa opening  directly through mucosa. …

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radiopacities not necessarily contacting teeth

Tori,exostosis and peripheral osteomas Unerupted,impacted and supernumerary teeth Retained roots Idiopathic osteosclerosis Condensing or sclerosing osteitis Mature focal cementoosseous dysplasia Fibrous dysplasia Focal sclerosing osteomyelitis Diffuse sclerosing osteomylitis Proliferative periostitis Mature odontoma Ossifying subperiosteal hematoma   Rarities Cementifying & ossifying fibroma Chondroma & chondrosarcoma Mature osteoblastoma Metastatic osteoblastic carcinoma Osteoblastoma …

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puneeta2

NO  rim enhancement or any abnormal uptake of contrast. Focus of calcification noted with in the lesion. No bony erosion seen. IMPRESSION – findings raise possibility of lymphangioma?? Dermoid?? Hemangioma ?? further investigations required.     RENDU-OSLER SYNDROME( GI TRACT AND CNS INVOLVEMENT) STURGEWEBER SYNDROME(LEPTOMENINGEAL ANGIOMAS, PORTWINE STAINS) KASABACH-MERRITT SYNDROME(PURPURA,COAGULOPATHY,HEMOLYSIS,INTRALESIONAL …

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processing xrays – Copy

when a beam of photons exits an object and exposes an xray,it chemically changes the photosensitive silver halide crystals in the film emulsion These chemically alters silver bromide crystals constitute the latent image on the film When the silver halide crystals are irradiated x ray photons interact primarily with bromide …

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priyadarshini chaudary

   Resorption is a process in which the structure of bone or teeth undergoes destruction due to osteoclastic activity. If resorption occurs in bone the cells are called osteoclast, if resorption occurs in tooth it is called odontoclast.                                   The resorbing cell osteoclast is a multinucleated giant cell formed by …

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Presentation2

The term cyst  like radiolucency-a dark radiographic image that is approximately circular in outline .And smoothly contoured with well defined borders . Occasionally they may be elliptical A thin hyperostotic border of bone may be present. The patterns of marrow spaces vary from person to person and one jaw to …

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Presentation1

Major infiltration of the gums by leukemic cells is common in acute myelomonocytic or monocytic leukemia and may be the presenting manifestation. This feature is less frequent in other types of acute leukemia. Noticeable gingival hypertrophy may also result from several drugs—phenytoin, cyclosporine, nifedipine, diltiazem, verapamil, and penicillamine—and from various maladies—scurvy, …

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Presentation SOF

Osteoporosis is defined as a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture.   The mean bone mineral density of the L2 to L4 vertebrae was 1.13 with a standard deviation of 0.10. …

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prathima conference- MMP C.P07

severity of symptoms, site & progression      low-risk patients ( oral mucosa and/or skin only) Topical corticosteroids and intralesional steroid injections Tetracycline 1-2g/day and Nicotinamide 2-2.5g/day. Therapy with dapsone (25-200mg/day) may be initiated if poor response is seen to topical steroids low doses of prednisone (0.5 mg/kg per day), with …

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prasanthi final cysts

Progressively enlarging Painless unless infected Intrabony cyst cause expansion of buccal cortical plate Teeth may be displaced rather than resorption Soft tissue cyst – fluctuant on palpation Radiographic view of intra bony cyst –unilocular or multilocular radiolucency(OKC)    Small cysts – in cancellous bone – round to ovoid contour with …

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ppt-gamma,nellore,final

Def: Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is defined as sudden, usually unilateral, severe, brief, stabbing, lancinating, recurring pain in the distribution of one or more branches of fifth cranial nerve. ETIOLOGY Etiology is largely unknown. Possible cause of Trigeminal neuralgia is the vascular compression of the Trigeminal nerve where it enters the …

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PPT FINAL

This paper deals with the anatomy of mandible with specific reference to its growth by condylar growth. Condyle and condylar growth contributes to correct anatomical structure of mandible which in turn gives facial esthetics and masticatory  functions. Condylar growth disorders do occur causing defective growth of mandible which results in …

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POST RADIATION COMPLICATIONS2

NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT Nutritional intake can be severely compromised with severe oral mucositis. Nutritional intake and weight should be monitored by a dietician, other professional or family caregivers. A soft and liquid diet is well tolerated.   PALLIATION FOR DRY MOUTH Sip water to alleviate mouth dryness. Artificial salivary substitutes. Chew …

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pharmacokinetics

Pharmocokinetics include Transport of the across the membrane Absorpiton of the drug Distribution of drug Biotranformation or metabolism of drug Excretion of the drug   DRUGS ARE TRANSPORTED ACROSS THE MEMBRANES BY Passive diffusion and filtration Specilized transport Passive diffusion : The drug  Diffuses across the membrane in the direction …

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PG

CONTENTS Image sharpness and resolution Image size distortion[magnification] Image shape distortion Object localization Peripheral egg shell effect   Three methods exist for minimizing this loss of image clarity  and improving the quality of radiograph Use as small an effective focal spot as practical Increase the distance between the focal spot …

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