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Oral Medicine

mogit gupta

Radionuclide Imaging is a Diagnostic modality in which RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS are used to get the image. Radiopharmaceuticals are administered intravenously in the body and they reach the affected bone and bind with pathological lesion by tagging with the tissue resulting in the release of gamma rays by the disintegration of radioactive …

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mIxed rl adnd ro lesions

Healing surgical site Chronic osteomyelitits Osteoradionecrosis Focal cementoosseous dysplasia Fibrous dysplasia Pagets disease- intermediate stage Cemento ossifying fibroma Osteogenic sarcoma Osteoblastic metastatic carcinoma Chondroma and chondrosarcoma Ossifying sub periotsteal hematoma Desmplastic ameloblastoma     Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor Ameloblatic fibrodentinoma Ameloblastic fibroodontoma Ameloblastoma (peripheral sclerosis) Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor Calcifying odontogenic …

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MALIK 122

The term oral lichen planus was first coined by Erasmus Wilson in 1869. Lichen planus is a relatively common mucocutaneous disease estimated to affect 0.5-1% of the adult population, with manifestation seen both on skin and oral mucosa. Clinical representation of oral lichen planus as previously reported are reticular, plaque …

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mahesh m s

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD) is a collective term used for a number of clinical signs and symptoms that involve the masticatory muscles, Temporomandibular joint and its associated structures These disorders are characterized by facial pain in the region of the TMJ and/ or the muscles of mastication, limitation or deviation …

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Magnetic resonance imaging

Contents History Basic Principle Mechanism Signal Intensity For Each Tissue Characteristic MR      Appearances Of OMF Region Parts Of MRI 1974 – Sir Peter Mansfield – contributions NMR diffraction in solids Echo planar  imaging ( EPI) Active acoustic shielding methods that lower noise produced by gradient coils Selective excitation, or the …

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LYMPHANGIOMA OF TONGUE

Lymphangiomas  are rare benign hamartomatous lesions of the lymphatic system . Virchow (1854) gave the first accurate description of lymphangioma. The Lymphangiomas are localized in the head and neck area in about 75% of cases and about 80% of these cases are children less than 2 years old. In the …

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Low level light threpy

In 1960, Theodore Maiman developed  first working laser device , which emitted a deep red coloured beam from a ruby crystal In 1967, a few years after the first working laser was invented, Endre Mester in Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary wanted to test if laser radiation might cause cancer in …

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JIGNA final

Erythema nodosum leprosum Lupus erythematosus Prurigo nodularis Actinic prurigo Erythema multiforme Graft-versus-host disease Cancer cachexia Heart failure Rheumatoid arthritis Inflammatory bowel disease Teratogenicity Peripheral Neuropathy Somnolence Drowsiness Constipation

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INVASIVE FINAL

Osteomyelitis.  SCC of nasal / sinus origin. Adenocarcinoma. Gummatous necrosis of syphilis. Tuberculous ulcer. Extranodal NK T- cell lymphoma. Wegener’s disease.   Auluck A. Maxillary necrosis by mucormycosis.  A case report and literature review.   Med Oral Patol Cir Bucal 2007;12:E360-4   Wood NK, Goaz PW. Differential Diagnosis of Oral and …

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INTRA – ALVEOLAR CARCINAMA

Primary intraosseous carcinoma is a very rare but well recognized entity. First described by Loos in 1913 and named as intra- alveolar epidermoid carcinoma by Wills in 1948. Term primary intraosseous carcinoma (PIOC) was suggested by Pindborg et al in 1972. The term primary intraosseous odontogenic carcinoma (PIOC) has been …

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inflammation

INTRODUCTION HISTORY CAUSES CARDINAL SIGNS TYPES OF INFLAMMATION ACUTE INFLAMMATION                 VASCULAR EVENTS                  CELLULAR EVENTS                                   CALOR      Due to increase in blood supply        Due to increase in metabolic activity in that area         Appreciation of heat is possible in superficial areas         with heat receptors… e.g : skin …

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image receptors

Types of image receptors in conventional radiography- Direct-action or non-screen film( wrapped or packet film)- sensitive primarily to X-ray photons. Indirect-action or screen film, it is used in combination with intensifying screens in a cassette. This type of film is sensitive primarily to light photons, which are emitted by the …

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ideas

International Classification  of Diseases  Oral Cancer as “Cancer of the Oral Cavity and Pharynx,    including Cancer of the Lip, Tongue,    Floor of mouth    Salivary Glands, Gums,    & other areas of the Mouth,    Oropharynx, Nasopharynx, Hypopharynx,    and other Buccal Areas”     Enables  the assessment of functional activity (metabolism) of …

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iaomr final

Investigations Heamogram:Hb-9.2gm%, TLC-6400/mm3,E.S.R-     10mm/hr                      Platelet count-85,ooocells/mm3 Directimmunofluorescence:BMZ-IgG,IgM,C3 U.S. abdomen:hepatomegaly with fatty infiltrates Chest x Ray :hazy shadows of lower lobes Symptoms  -oral ulcers                                -growth and swellings                                 -bleeding gums                                 -irregular teeth                                 -missing teeth                                 -mobile teeth                                 -enlarged gums Clues from history    -recurrent lesions …

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HIV Infection

Aquired immunodeficiency syndrome  manifestation of HIV infection. Is a greatest challenge in public health of the World In1981 yr a sudden outbreak of   Kaposis sarcoma              homosexuals &drug addicts   Pneumosistiscarnii   In 1983 isolated retroviruses from PGL patient.   Gallo and colleagues isolated retro virus from AIDS patient called …

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histoplasmosis

Caused by Histoplasma capsulatum Saprophytic & dimorphic fungus Primary geographic distribution –world wide Endemic in north & south central United States Primary route of acquisition –respiratory (inhalation of spores) Principal sites of disease –lungs, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, bone marrow, adrenal gland Extra pulmonary involvement : RES In most cases …

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HFM f

Hemifacial microsomia is the second most common congenital facial anomaly after cleft lip /palate  with a reported incidence of about 1 in 5600 live births. It is a condition in which the tissue on one side of the face is underdeveloped, affecting primarily the aural, oral and mandibular areas. Children …

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good day

Hypoplasia of the mandible Condylar hypoplasia Deep sigmoid notch Reduced vertical height of the ramus Stunted mand. Premolar and Permanent Molar Roots Grossly destructed right mand. Permanent First Molar   Scaling Extraction of 46 Exercise program if necessary combined with physiotherapy to regain the lost inter-arch distance. Prosthetic appliances (dynamic …

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girija

NHL arises primarily within the lymph nodes. Extra nodal locations – 24% Bone – 5% NHL of oral cavity is  rare (9.5%). Mandible accounts  for only 0.6% of isolated malignant NHL.   Medical history Physical examination Lab. Investigations:  (Haemogram, Urine analysis,                                       complete blood count, ESR & LDH) HPE with …

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Generalised radiopacities

Florid cementoosseous dysplasia Pagets disease-mature stage Osteopetrosis Rarities Albrights syndrome Caffeys disease Camurati-engelmann disease Craniometaphyseal dysplasia Osteogenesis imperfecta Familial adenamatosis coli (gardners syndrome)   It is the most common cause of pathologic generalised radiopacity of the jaws . It is benign  condition usually involves  mutiple quadrants of the tooth bearing …

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Final – Nellore

HISTORY Chief Complaint Progressive in nature, facial swelling presenting in the lower, right sided anterior region for the last 6 – 7 months causing disfigurement History of Present Complaint Duration: 6 – 7 months   Mode of Onset: The swelling for last 6 – 7 months had spontaneously developed, no …

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EPIDEMIOLOGY

It is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to the control of health problems.” – JOHN. M. LAST   Determinants are the factors that bring about changes in person’s health. These determinants , either cause …

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emergency medicines in dentistry

Preparation Train office personals Emergency numbers Emergency kits and devices Vehicle Prevention Observe patient Thorough history Monitor vital signs Test doses Lab investigations Medical consultation Premedications   Children And Elderly –Respiratory Depression Asthma-Histamine Release Head Injury   ↑Intracranial Pressure     Respiratory Depression     Vomiting, altered Mentation Hypovolemia And …

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