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Oral Medicine

dr.pryanka.

THERAPEUTIC DRUGS ANTIPYRINE CAFFEINE CARBAMAZEPINE CISPLASTIN CYCLOSPORINE DIAZEPAM DIGOXIN ETOSUXIMIDE LITHIUM METHADONE METOPROLOL PARACETAMOL QUININE SULFANILAMIDE THEOPHYLLINE Testing for salivary antibodies can be done for the following infectious diseases: Dengue Measles, Mumps And Rubella Rotavirus Helcobacter pyroli Shigella Lyme disease Neurocysticercosis  

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Dr.MANAS

The oral cavity is the most common extra genital site of syphilis infection. Oral lesions in secondary stage syphilis are particularly common when associated with general symptoms and cutaneous eruption. However, the exclusive oral localization, not associated with general manifestations, is uncommon. We report a case of oral ulceration as …

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dr.k.srinivas

Typically insidious in onset Diffuse soft tissue pain Pain is increased in the morning, with weather changes, anxiety, stress Non-restorative sleep, with early morning awakening in an unrefreshed state. Subjective, non-confirmable complaints of swelling or numbness, no – objective neurologic findings     Generalized fatigue or tiredness Anxiety ,Depression, Reduced …

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dr.gaurav

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a rare , autosomal recessive, pleiotropic disorder. Characterized by structural and functional abnormalities of organs and tissues with diverse embryonic derivation (Heterozygous mutations in BBS1, BBS2 and BBS6 have a potential epistatic effect on Bardet–Biedl patients with two mutations at a second BBS locus; Human Molecular …

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Dr.Gagan MMCDSR

GENETIC PREDISPOSITION Risk in relatives of alcoholics being three to four times higher than the general population NEURO-CHEMICAL INFLUENCES Overwhelmed by the craving & positive-reinforcing properties of ethanol Arise from ability  to influence the interactions of neuro-transmitter system in the CNS May develop if an individual is anxious or depressed …

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dr.bhuvan

There are two clinical entities of scleroderma: Localized scleroderma and Progressive Systemic Sclerosis. Clinically Progressive systemic sclerosis is characterized by ultimate induration of the skin and fixation of the epidermis to the deeper subcutaneous tissues. It usually begins on the face ,hands or trunk. Scleroderma is derived from a Greek …

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Dr. Sartaj Singh

AOT is believed to arise from the remnants of the dental lamina which give rise to epithelial rests that proliferate in response to an unknown stimulus and characterized histologically by anastomosing cords or strands of epithelium.     Ameloblastoma Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor Calcifying epithelial odontogenic cyst …

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dr.aparna

Nail biting is the most common habit and mainly affects children (28-33%), but it can be present in adults (45%) and older people too. It is manifested by biting one’s fingernails or toenails during periods of nervousness, stress or boredom. It can be a sign of mental or emotional disorder …

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DR. CHERRY

The concept of osteoid osteoma was introduced by Jaffe in 1935 and is now generally accepted as a clinico- pathological entity. The osteoid osteoma is characterized clinically as a very painful but small bone lesion, its maximum  diameter seldom  exceeding 2 cm. It consists of a central nidus of osteoid …

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Dr. AVANTI

Odontogenic keratocyst first described as Cholesteatoma by Hauer (1926) and named so by Philipsen (1956) is a cystic lesion of odontogenic origin derived from remnants of dental lamina having biologic behaviour similar to benign neoplasm, with distinctive lining of six to ten palisaded basal cell layer and corrugated parakeratin surface …

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Dr Mukesh – Amelogenesis Imperfecta

Generalized  yellowish – brown discoloration Thin enamel with rough surface Open anterior contacts Semilunar shaped maxillary right central incisor edge   Reduced density of enamel Attrited incisal and occlusal surfaces Deformed crowns of maxillary laterals and canines Multiple radiolucent lesions over the crowns of molars Periapical rarefaction in maxillary right …

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dr megha

I am thankful to Dr Venkatesh G. Naikmasur  ( Prof & H.O.D.) Dr Krishna Burde , Dr Kirti & Dr Kruthika for guiding me throughout the study. I would also like to thank Dr Amur, Dr Vidhyadhari & Dr Samrani(dept. of General Medicine) for helping me with the subject I …

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dr ajit mishra tnf final

  Role in Lichen Planus   Keratinocyte from oral Lichen Planus lesion produce IFN- alpha, IL-6 and TNF- alpha in response to IL-beta. Theses keratinocyte thus have the potential to produce large amount of cytokines capable of activating infiltrating T cells   It might be possible that some side effects …

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deserted mouth unveiled

Dehydration Central cognitive alterations- cerebro-vascular accidents Oral sensory disturbances Psychological conditions &Neurological disorders Mental depression Narcolepsy Parkinson’s disease Bell’s palsy Alzheimer’s disease As Oral Physicians, in an attempt to lower the incidence of devastating effects on oral health,  and institute appropriate management, we can diagnose the possible cause of Xerostomia …

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DENTAL

CONGENITAL CARDIAC DISEASE ACQUIRED CARDIAC DISEASE Rheumatic heart disease Coronary artery disease HT Infective endocarditis COPD TB Transplant- Heart / Lung   Congenital cardiac malformation Previous infective endocarditis Rheumatic and other acquired valvular dysfunction HOCM Prosthetic cardiac valves Surgically constructed       systemic-pulmonary shunts

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dental restorations

Teeth  the least destructible tissue in the body. They resist fire, desiccation, and decomposition. Extreme conditions associated with cremation cause the teeth to become dramatically altered or lost entirely It is the nonbiological artifacts that survive and aid in  identification process. INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY Infrared spectroscopy differentiates organic and inorganic compounds …

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Dental patient with acromegaly

Acromegaly Pituitary adenoma Undergone transsphenoidal surgery 7 years back History of headache Blurring of vision Galactorrhea Change in voice Excessive growth of body hair Polymenorrhea Heat intolerance Sweating(before surgery) Excessive skeletal growth Soft tissue enlargement Shortened life expectancy Insidious nature-most often unnoticed Evident changes Soft tissue enlargement Skeletal growth

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Dental management in renal failure

Gradual reduction in the number of functional nephrons terminal or end-stage renal failure (ESRF) Causes Chronic immune glomerulopathy Hypertensive nephrosclerosis Chronic tubulointerstitial diseases Metabolic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus) Congenital and hereditary renal processes (e.g., renal polycystic disease)   Periodontal problem attachment loss deep pockets Enamel hypoplasia alterations in calcium and …

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dental caries

Dental caries is defined as a progressive ,irreversible, microbial disease affecting the hard parts of the tooth exposed to the oral environment, resulting in the demineralization of the inorganic constituents and dissolution of organic constituents, there by leading to a cavity formation . Dental caries is an infectious microbiological disease …

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deepankar misra

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND   In 1971 included in WHO classification of benign tumors   The odontogenic fibroma (OF) is classified as a benign lesion derived from “odontogenic ectomesenchyme with or without odontogenic epithelium”. (Gardner 1980 ); (J Oral Pathol and Med)   Wesley et al ‘s diagnostic criteria 1975, found, occurs …

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DARK ROOM PROCEDURE

Dark Room           – Evolution           – Dark room requirements           – Processing equipments Film processing steps . Film processing  solutions . Different methods  of  processing Processing problems and solutions Reference Should be of low intensity , with a relatively long wave length  of 600 nm and above (orange – …

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DARK ROOM PROCEDURE

Film processing Composition of developer solution Composition of fixer solution Dark room equipments Safe lighting Practical processing methods Manual Automatic Self Developing Film The sequence of events required to convert the invisible latent image, contained in the sensitized film emulsion, into the visible, permanent radiographic image The purpose of film …

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DARK ROOM PROCEDURE (2)

Film processing Composition of developer solution Composition of fixer solution Dark room equipments Safe lighting Practical processing methods Manual Automatic Self Developing Film   The sequence of events required to convert the invisible latent image, contained in the sensitized film emulsion, into the visible, permanent radiographic image The purpose of …

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cysts

                     THEORIES OF CYST ENLARGEMENT              Various steps involved in the formation of a cyst seen to be as follows     Attraction of fluid in to cystic cavity     Retention of fluid in to the cavity     Production raised internal hydrostatic pressure      Resorption of surrounding bone with an increase in …

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CYSTS

Gingival cysts of Infants Odontogenic keratocyst (primordial cyst) Dentigerous cyst (Follicular) Eruption cyst Lateral periodontal cyst Gingival cysts of adults Botryoid odontogenic cyst Glandular odontogenic (sialo-odontogenic; mucoepidermoid Odontogenic cyst) Calcifying odontogenic cyst   -Dermoid & Epidermoid cysts       -Branchial cleft cysts       -Thyroglossal duct cyst       -Anterior median lingual cyst …

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Cysts of the jaws 2

Epithelial cysts of the jaws Developmental Gingival cyst of infant ( Epstein pearls) Gingival cyst of Adult Eruption cyst Odontogenic Keratocyst Dentigerous cyst Lateral periodontal cyst/ Botryoid odontogenic cyst Glandular odontogenic cyst (Sialo-odontogenic cyst) Calcifying odontogenic cyst (Gorlin’s cyst) Nasolabial cyst (Nasoalveolar cyst) Nasopalatine duct cyst (Incisive canal cyst)   …

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