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Role of Cephalometry in Orthdodontics

  •   The discovery of X-rays led to the measurement of the head from shadows of bony and soft tissue landmarks on the roentgenographic image that came to be known as the Roentgenographic Cephalometry. For many years since the 1930’s spawned by the classic work of Broadbent and Hofrath in the United States and Germany respectively, cephalometrics has enjoyed wide acceptance as an essential component of the diagnostic phase for the more traditional forms of orthodontic treatment.  Innumerable research works and papers have been published in this field.
  •   In more recent times, the importance of sophisticated cephalometric methods, often computerized, has become clearly established as an indispensable diagnostic tool for the analysis and correction of a wide range of craniofacial orthopedic problems
  • In 1780, Petrus Camper, probably the first to employ angles in measuring the face, oriented the skull on a horizontal from the middle of porus acusticus to a point below the nose.  Craniostats were designed to hold the skull in an oriented position to give greater reliability to the measurements, and they were the forerunners of the cephalostat or headholder.  The dry skull measurements, craniometry, was done from countless aspects.  But these static and nonvital studies did not interest the orthodontists.  With the application of these measurements to living subjects, their use in orthodontics was deemed important.

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